The Boone Bulletin: Part 1
Johan Diehl Bohun, 1711-1764
The Emigrant and Father of Jacob2 and John2 Boon of Boonsmill, Franklin Co., Pa.
By John Calvin Wright
The author of this article is the great great great grandson of Johan1 Diehl Bohun (1), (1711-1764), the Emigrant and Father of Jacob2 and John2 Boon of Boonsmill, Franklin County, Virginia (2). In the study of his ancestry the family records and the records on file at Rocky Mount, the county seat of Franklin County, Virginia, show a clear line to his great grandfather Jacob2 Boon of Boonsmill.. For sometime considerable difficulty was experienced in establishing the parentage of Jacob2 Boon, and it was not until a careful examination was made of the United States Census Reports on file in the Bureau of the Census at Washington, D, C., that further light on this branch of the Boon Family was obtained.
In the Census for 1850, on page 149, of the return from Franklin County, Virginia, appears the name of Jacob3 Boon, with the following record: JACOB BOON, age 71 years, BORN IN MARYLAND, Barbary Boon, age 63, born in Virginia. Levi Boon, age 25, born in Virginia.
Jacob3 Boon was the second son of Jacob2 Boon, and according to the Census of 1850, was born in Maryland in the year 1779. The author has established the parentage of Jacob3 Boon from a complete examination of the official records on file in the office of the County Clerk at Rocky Mount, Va.
(1) Dr. Wright and I agree that the surname of Johan Diehl, as shown by his signature, is Bohun.
The subsequent English spelling of his name establishes the fact that his surname had the sound
of Boone, and that sound he was spelling in German. The language key of Funk & Wagnall's
Standard Dictionary gives the sound of the oo in the name as the English long u in rule, which is
the same as the French ou. The French spelling of the surname Humphrey in 1066 was Boown. (4
Boone Bulletin p. 70). The Spelling of Boune is also found. The French have a u sounding almost
the same as the English long u, which is found in Anglo Saxon, Danish. Dutch, and German. which
probably is the true original vowel sound of the name Boone. is the countries named are those of
the origin of the family. The h is silent and its use is simply to lengthen the vowel sound. Thus in
--WILLIAM BOONE DOUGLASS,
(2) Many members of the Association are descendants of Jacob Boon of Boonsmill.--The Editor..
Bohn spells the sound of Bone (long O).
Bohnn spells the sound of Bon (o as in not).
Bohun spells the sound of Boon (ou as u in rule or the French-German u).
That the name is spelled "Bone" in the will was due no doubt to the writer's lack of knowledge of
the true English vowel sounds, which he was attempting to use
--WILLIAM BOONE DOUGLASS,
(2) Many members of the Association are descendants of Jacob Boon of Boonsmill.--The Editor..
With this lead in hand the author proceeded to examine file records at Annapolis Md. and also
the records on file in the Maryland Historical Society. While there were several Boon families that located in other parts of Maryland, it was easily established that this particular Boon family had located in Frederick County, near the Pennsylvania line.
The author then made a trip to Frederick and examined the official records on file in the office of the County Clerk, and in the office of the Probate Judge. From these records, including the will of Johan1 Diehl Bohun, the connections between the Boons of Boonsmill, Va., and the Boons of Frederick County, Maryland, may be easily established.
FREDERICK COUNTY, MARYLAND
Frederick County, Maryland, was organized in 1748, and included the present Washington and Montgomery Counties, until 1776, when these two additional counties were formed; the three counties being made of the "Upper, Lower and Middle Districts of the original County of Frederick."
The early settlers in Frederick County were Germans. who came down from Pennsylvania, principally from around York. They settled along the old Monocacy Trail in the Monocacy Valley,
near Grayson. Creagerstown, and Frederick. These settlements began as early as 1710, and continued
until all good land was settled. During the period between 1750 and 1780 there was a similar migration of Germans "down the Valley of the Shenandoah" into Augusta County, Virginia, and over the Blue Ridge Mountains. into what became Franklin County, Virginia. (3).
(3) Information obtained from the Maryland Geological Survey.
Johan1 Diehl Bohun, the Emigrant, owned considerable land in Frederick County during the period 1746 to his death in 1763 or 1764. His original signature written in German is found attached to his Will, the original of which is now on file in the Office of the Probate Judge at Frederick, Maryland. Probably because of his inability to speak English his name is written in a number of different forms, on deeds, wills, administrative papers, and tax reports. The more common of the different spelling are as follows:
Theobold Bonn. "Till" Bohn. Johan Handeal Bohun. Johoun Diel Bohn. Johan Dalbone. Handeal Bohn. Han Deal Bone.
With all of these various spellings the pronounciation is easily apparent for the spelling and also the connection with which the name is used in the various legal papers, clearly establishes that the person is one and the same. Wherever the name is found written by the Emigrant himself it appears in German script as "Johan Diehl Bohun his signature being found on file in at least two original documents, one being his Will and the other being the Oath of Allegiance taken by him, along with other ship passengers when he arrived at Philadelphia. This record is on file in file office of the State Library and Museum at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The author has taken the trouble to obtain a photostat copy of these documents and has reproduced the signature as it appears on his Oath of Allegiance. This reproduction of the original appears at the beginning of this article. The latter document gives his age as thirty, and the information that he arrived in America on the Ship Marlborough of which Thomas Bell was Master,
All German emigrants arriving in Philadelphia during this period were required to take an Oath
of Allegiance to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. This oath we taken by Johan Diehl Bohun at the Court House in Philadelphia on September 23, 1741, before the Honorable George Thomas, Esq., Lieutenant Governor, and Thomas and Samuel Hasall, Esq., Mayor of Philadelphia..It appears that an Oath of Allegiance was required of all male citizens sixteen years of age or over. There were seventy-two required to take the oath from the arrivals on this ship, the list including "the Palatines" * * * imported in the Ship Marlborough, Thomas Bell, Master, from Rotterdam, but last from Cowes, did this day take the oath to the Government, viz."
The name of "Johan Diehl Bohun" appears as Number 44 on this list. There is also on record a list of all those sixteen years of age and upwards arriving on the ship, Which list was furnished by Thomas Bell, the Master. On this list the names are written in English and spelling in many cases differs materially from that which was signed in the Oath of Allegiance. This difference in spelling is to be expected, since the captain or his assistants were necessarily forced to use the phonetic method of spelling from the names given to them by the passengers who themselves could not speak or write English. On this list the name of "Dewaile Poon," age 30 years is given. (4). From the spelling it would appear that the emigrant often-times was called by his middle name of "Delhi" which in the case of the captain became "Dewaile."
(4) "Dewaile Pooh" undoubtedly is intended for Deihl Boon. It is a well known fact that the Germans give to B the Sound of P. The details of such a change were given by Governor S. W. Pennypacker in his history of "Heinrich Pennebacker, Surveyor for the Penns." The German sounding the b as p changed the name for those who remained in Pennsylvania, while the branch of the family that went to Virginia retained the name in its true form. That Diehl went to Maryland instead of Pennsylvania accounts for the fact that he is a Boon instead of a "Poon"--W.B.D.
The author is as yet unable to find any record of the whereabouts of this Boone Emigrant during
the period 1741. when he landed in Philadelphia, until 1746, when he appeared in Frederick County,
Maryland. It is evident that he came to Maryland from Philadelphia. passing through the County of
Lancaster, which was thickly populated by German emigrants from the Palatinate along the Rhine in
Germany. A list of these German emigrants coming to Pennsylvania between the years 1700 and
1800 has been published in two different books which may be found in genealogical libraries.
The Maryland Land Records at Annapolis show Theobold Boon as receiving a general warrant for fifty acres of land in Frederick County which was known as "Boons Content." In Maryland each early, landowner gave a name to his tract of land, which was entered in the official survey, and many of these names are significant of the humor or personal taste of the early settlers. Some of the names given in these patents are "Second Thought," "No More Land," "Last Chance," "No Name," "William's Island," "Robert's Delight," and in the case Handeal Boon (the name by which he was more commonly known in Maryland) he died possessed of three tracts of land:
"Boons Content" including 50 acres. "Shear's Spring" including 235 acres. "No Whisky" including 40 acres. These three tracts are each mentioned in his Will.
The tract known as "Boon's Content" was patented by Theobold Boon under a general warrant dated March 29, 1746. This warrant called for a survey. For some reason the survey was not made until April 10, 1750, and the original warrant was later renewed under the name of "Theobold Boon". Boon paid taxes or rent on this land as shown by the records at Annapolis, for the years 1753 to 1755, the tax being two shillings each year.. In 1757 the records show the taxes made out in the names of "Handeal" Boon and the records continued on in this name until 1764, the year in which he died.
There is no doubt as to the fact that "Theobold" and Handeal were one and the same. The reader must remember that these early Germans did not speak or write English hence their names were often misspelled by public officials. The author raised this question with Mr. Edward Phelps in the Land Commissioner's Office at Annapolis, Maryland, as to his opinion, and was advised under date of June 22, 1928, "The two are one and the same, as per my sincere judgment."
It would thus appear that the Emigrant, Johan1 Diehl Bohun, hereafter to be known as Handeal Boon, appeared in Frederick County, Maryland as early as 1746.
These tracts of land were situated along the Monocacy River, some ten or fifteen miles north of Frederick, Maryland, and frequent references to his ownership will be found on file in the land Office at Annapolis, Maryland, among the original certificates of survew, the Rent Roll Books, Volumes 1 to 5, and Debt Books (Assessment Books) from 1753 to 1774. It is evident from the latter books that "Handeal" Boon or his heirs were in continuos residence in Frederick County at least during twenty-year period 1753 to 1773, during which taxes were paid on the "Boon Content" Land, and during the later years of this period on the other two tracts.
In his Will "Handeal" Boon left his land and property to his children, but stipulated that his wife should have the use of the home and land until his youngest son became of age. Since he died in 1763 or 1764, it is evident that she continued to pay rent under his name at least up until 1773, as appears from the records. "Handeal" Boon made his Will November 17, 1761, and it was recorded in 1764 in Book 32 Liber SB-1, Folio 187. The original is on file at Frederick, Maryland, and a copy is on file at Annapolis. A photostat copy of this Will can be secured by addressing the "Land Commissioners Office," Annapolis, Maryland, and giving the above reference citation.
The Will was filed at Frederick on two different occasions. The first being in 1764 and the second filing being made June 8, 1778. The Will as filed in Will Book "A," No. 1, page 209, 1764, reads as follows:
In the name of God Amen, whereas I. Han Deall Bone, of Frederick Co. and Province of Maryland, Farmer, being in good health of body and of sound mind and memory and being forthwith to depart on a voyage to Germany, do make this my last Will and Testament as follows: Imprimis, first of all, I give and bequeath to my well beloved son Nicholas, all that Tract of Land called No Whisky lying in Frederick County in the Province of Maryland containing forty acres of land, to him and his heirs forever, he, the said Nicholas, paying unto my two sons, John and Adam, when they come of age, five pounds current money each, I also give and bequeath to my said son, Nicholas ten acres of land, part of a Tract of Land called Mind Shear Spring adjoining to the aforesaid Tract of Land, called No Whisky, to him and his heirs forever, and no more of my estate. I also give and bequeath to my son Jacob, my dwelling plantation, with one hundred and twenty-five acres of land; he paying to my son Abraham, fifty pounds Current Money at the end of two years after he enters on said land, to him and his heirs forever. Imprimis. I also order that my personal Estate shall be equally divided between my two Sorts. Viz ;John and Adam, and my four Daughters, Viz: Margaret, Mary, Katherine, and Elizabeth. Imprimis. I also order and Will that my well-beloved wife, Mary, shall keep entire possession of Dwelling Plantation until my Youngest Son is of Age. Imprimis, I do also nominate and appoint: Joest Hunkle and Daniel Zacharias, Executors of this Will and Testament hereby revoking all former Will or Wills by me heretofore made. In Witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this first Day of November, seventeen hundred and sixty-one.
Han Deall Bone (Seal).
Signed, sealed, published, and declared by the above named Han Deall Bone as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses thereto in the presence of the said Testator, and of each other.
MICHAEL MOYER PETER MOYER. State of Maryland Frederick Co. ss.
I, Russell E. Lighter, Registrar of Wills and, by law, Keeper of tile 571 and of the Original Papers of the Orphans Court of Frederick County, Do Hereby Certify that the foregoing is a true and full copy of the Last Will and Testament of Han Deall Bone, late of Frederick County, Maryland, deceased, duly admitted to probate in the Orphans Court of said County on the 13th day of April 1764. Taken from the Record of Wills. Liber A. No. I. Folio 209, one of the books for recording Wills. Kept in the office of the Registrar of Wills for Frederick County. In Testimony whereof, I hereunto subscribe my name and affix the Seal of Said Court and Office, this 20th day of .May, 1927,
(Seal) Russell E. Lighter.
It should be noted that the name of the maker of the Will as given in the copy on file is written English as "Han Deall Bone." However, when the original of the Will was located in the office he of the Probate Judge and examined, it was found that while the Will itself was written in good English, the signature of the maker and the witnesses were in German, and that the signature of the maker corresponded to that of "Johun Diehl Bohun" as it appeared on the Oath of Allegiance given in 1741 in Philadelphia. The two signatures are easily recognized as being identical.
In this Will it will be seen that this emigrant ancestor of the Boon Family named his wife Mary,
his eldest son Nicholas, his second son Jacob, along with Abraham, John. and Adam, the two latter of which were not yet of age. He also names his four daughters.---Margaret, Mary, Kathrine, and Elizabeth.
THE REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD.
In his Will Handeal Boon left his dwelling plantation to his son Jacob2, and it appears that Jacob2 Boon continued to live on this homestead north of Frederick throughout the period of the Revolution.
As early as July 26, 1775 the Association of "Freemen" of Maryland was formed for the purpose of opposing British oppression. (The Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 6, page 242). The members of this organization were known as Associators" * * * "and we do unite and associate as one man and family and solemnly engage and pledge ourselves to each other and to America that we will to the utmost of our power protect and support* * carrying on as well by arms, as by continental association restraining our commerce."
The three brothers, Nicholas, Jacob. and John, all sons of "Handeal" Boon, were members of the Frederick County Association. Their names are given in the list of Associators appearing in the Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 11, Page 164.
It was not unusual for those subject to military service to leave the Army temporarily during the Revolutionary War, in order to plant or harvest their crops. During this time they were often listed as "deserters" or "non-enrollers" and then required to pay a fine carrying from two pounds to ten pounds.
Both Jacob and John Boone are mentioned on page 249 of Vol. 11, Maryland Historical Magazine, as among a "list of non-enrollers, returned and signed," as of May 7, 1776.
It thus appears that these three sons of "Handeal" Boon while not in the Continental Army were members of this association of Freeman, which was recognized as a semi-military organization, and which was ready for duty when called upon, and which was at other times attending to the business of farming, in order that those in continuous duty might be fed.
It is evident that Jacob2 Boon continued to reside on the home plantation in Frederick County, Maryland, until after the year 1779 since his son Jacob3 Boon, according to the Census of 1850, as before mentioned, was born in 1779.
With the close of the Revolutionary War period, we find Jacob2 Boon living in that part of Bedford County, Virginia, which was made into Franklin County in 1786. He began paying taxes in Bedford County in 1782, and John, his younger brother began paying land taxes in 1783. Both tracts of land were located at Boonsmill in what is now Franklin County. The following year (1783) Jacob Boon paid taxes on personal property listed as follows:
1 white male over 21. (No black in this family). 2 horses. 6 cattle.
In 1784 he paid a similar tax hut reported two white males over 21, and in 1785 a similar report with the addition of two horses. For this year John Boon first paid personal property taxes. He reported one male over 21, one horse, and five cattle.
Beginning with 1786, both of these Boons are listed as in Franklin County, Virginia, and for that year and for each following year until 1794 they repotted one white male of sixteen and over being in the family. In the year 1794 John reported two white males of tithing age (sixteen years and over), and the following year the record shows John one and Jacob two. In 1796, Peter, the eldest son of Jacob2, bagan to pay personal taxes, thus showing that he was born about 1775, from which we may deduce that Jacob, married about 1774 or earlier. From the evidence available in Franklin County, I have constructed the Jacob2 Boon Family as follows:
Jacob2 Boon b. 1749 or earlier in Germany -d.1814, Boons Mill, Va. Catherine Boon, his wife, b. ------; d. 1828 or 9, Boons Mill, Va. (5) (5) See abstract of Catherine Boon's will in Boone Bulletin No, 2. p. 22.--The Editor. CHILDREN: Peter3 b. 1774 -- d. after 1850. Jacob3 b. 1779 in Maryland--d. after 1850. Catherine3 b. 1785, Bedford Co., Va. -- d. 1866, Franklin CO., Va. John3 b. 1786 -- d. Franklin County, after 1850. Abraham3 b. about 1790. Daniel3 b. about 1793. Joseph3. Susannah3.
In order to identify Jacob3 Boon, listed in the Census of 1850, it is necessary to check very carefully the land tax records and personal property tax records at Rocky Mount, Virginia, since both Jacob2 and John2 being brothers named children after themselves and after each other. The second son of Jacob2 being Jacob3 and his third son John3, while in the case of the children of John2 the eldest son was named Jacob.
John2 Boon of Franklin County was a younger brother of Jacob Boon, and in the will of his father, made in 1761, he was indicated as being not yet of age. John Boon bought land in Franklin County to the amount of 200 acres on Little Creek. The land Tax Record Books show that he lived in Montgomery County after the year 1807, although several of his sons continued to reside in Franklin County. The children of John2 Boon, that I have been able to locate, are as follows:
Jacob Abraham Isaac Thomas Nancy Jacob was born about 1783, Abraham about 1786, and Isaac about 1792.
Apparently, Jacob Boon did not make a will before he died in 1814. There is on file, however, in Will Book No, 2, in Rocky Mount, Virginia, on page 72, an inventory and appraisement of Jacob Boon's property dated March 17, 1814.
John Boon, Administrator.
Catherine Boon, Administratrix.
It is evident that "John Boon, Administrator" is the son, who at this time would have been about 28 years of age, and his mother, Catherine Boon. The amount of the inventory and appraisement was $2,316.50, and was recorded on June 6, 1914. in Book 2, page 77. Under date of April 1, 1814, appears an inventory of sale of Jacob Boon, the total sales amounting to $1,400.80.
John Boon, Administrator.
Catherine Boon, Administratrix.
Among the names of those present at this sale as buyers appear the following:
John Boon. Elizabeth Boon. Catherine Boon. George Wright, Jr. George Wright, Sr. Berry Wright. Daniel Boon. Peter Boon. Nancy Boon. Isaac Boon. John Jamison (Married Catherine3 Boon, born 1785). The inventory of sales was ordered recorded in the county court at a meeting on June 6. In Will Book No. 2 , on page 520, appears a Will of Elizabeth Boon which was probated on December 2, 1822 (6). Elizabeth Boon was the younger sister of Jacob Bean (2) and is mentioned in the Will of Handeal Boon of Frederick, County, Maryland, who died in 1764. In her Will, Eliza- beth Boon gives her property to the following: (6) It is possible that this Elizabeth who died in 1822 was a daughter instead of sister of Jacob Boon. The Editor.)
1. Nieces, Nancy Elizabeth Fisher, daughter of Daniel and Nancy Fisher. 2. Brother, John Boon and his son Thomas, "an interest in the grist mill." 3. Mary Coster. 4. Catherine Primox. 5. Jacob Boon. 6. Abraham Boon. 7. John Boon. 8. Isaac Boon. 9. Susannah Abshire. 10. Nancy fisher. 11. Daniel Boon. 12. Susannah and Polly Boon, daughters of Peter Boon. Signed, her Elizabeth Boon. mark
In Vol. 13, page 585 of Henning's Statutes of Virginia, under Section 3, dated November 10, 1792, we find that the Virginia Assembly provided that "forty acres of land in the County of Franklin, being the property of Moses Grier, shall be, and they hereby are, vested in John Early, Jacob2 Boon, John Northsinger, Daniel Barnhart, Samuel Thompson, William Wright Jr., William Trumbull, and Swinfield, Gentlement, Trustees, to be by them, or a majority of them, laid off into lots of one-half acres each, and with convenient streets and established a town by the name of Wisenburg."
The Boon-Wright Connection
Catherine3 Boon, born about 1785, in what was then Bedford, County, and which later became Franklin County, Virginia, was the eldest daughter of Jacob2 Boon. She resided throughout her life time in Franklin county, and continued to live therein until the year 1886. She married John "Jimmerson," (this family name now being spelled Jamison) in the year 1806. Their eldest child and daughter, Elizabeth, married Goodman A. Wright (1813-1887). The eldest son of Goodman and Elizabeth Wright was John J. Wright (born in 1840), who was the father of the author of this article.
EDITOR'S NOTE: Dr. Wright's discovery of a BOHUN in Germany is of the greatest historic value, sustaining, as it does, the theory of the Boone Family Association, that the Norman family of that name spread over Europe. Furthermore, the respelling of the name as BOON by English colonists in Maryland fully identifies it with the English family. This was brought about by his search for the ancestor's of Jacob Boon of Boon's Mill, Virginia, many of whose descendants spell the name with a final e, and maintain that the "said Jacob is the son of Joseph Boone who arrived in Philadelphia with his parents, George III, and Mary Boone, in 1717, coming from Bradninch, England. Members holding this view, among others, are Mr. John Tannehill Landis of Detroit, Mich., Mr. John Ernest Jameson of Roanoke, Va., and Mr. John Carrol Coulter of Columbia, S.C. Experienced genealogists, they are apt to challenge Dr. Wright's conclusion that John Diehl Bohun's son Jacob was the founder of Boon's Mill, Va.
The question is rendered exceptionally difficult by the fact that there are so many Boones (or Boons) of the colonial period bearing the names of Jacob, Daniel and Joseph. (See Boone Bulletins No. 3 and 4). In the absence of other evidence, a person bearing one of these names may not conclusively be assigned to any designated branch of the Boone family. For instance, Michael Boone of Frederick, Md. Had a son Jacob born about the same time as the Jacob of Boon's Mill Va. The view expressed by Dr. wright is concurred in by Dr. John Frederick Clearwaters of Crawfordsville, Ind., Genealogist of the Indiana society of Sons of the American Revolution, who maintains that it is highly improbable that two families of the same period would have children bearing identical baptismal names.
In this connection genealogists are warned that "family traditions" of relationship to Daniel Boone (of Kentucky fame) should be given little or no consideration. Like "traditions of officers" in the War of the American Revolution, of which the Kentucky Society of the Sons of the Revolution said: "If we accepted such traditions, Kentucky alone can furnish more officers than there were soldiers during the entire period of that war."
In this genealogical discussion, as is the case in several similar ones, BOONE BULLETIN is neutral. Its editors will welcome further discussion regarding this subject. -- W.B.D.
JOHANN DIEL BOHN #135 b. 1711 Germany, d. 5 Apr 1764 m. abt 1738 MARY ? d. 1777 1. Margaret Boone #785 b. 1743 MD, d. 3 Mar 1814 Westminster, MD, m. 1760 Leonard Powder b. 1730, d. 1776 m. 1780 John Everly d. 1802 2. Nicholas Boone #783 d. 1823 m. Anna Marie; m. Barbara; m. Rachel DeBerry 1815 3. Abraham Boone #784 b. abt 1742 MD d. 1826/27 Rockingham Co., VA m. abt 1770 Ann Mary Saylor 1822 4. Jacob Boone #121 b. 1740/49 Berks, PA?, MA?, Germany d. 17 Mar 1814 Boones Mill, VA m. 1769/70 MD Catharine b. bef 1765 d. 1822/28 Rocky Mt. VA m. Unknown 5. Mary Boone #786 b. bet 1743-53 MD d. bef 7 Mar 1825? Washington Co., TN m. Jacob Hoss 6. Catherine Boone #788 b. 1753 MD d. 1824 Westminster, MD m. Cornelius Sullivan b. 1749 d. 1816 7. John Boone #787 b. 1745/56 MD d. 1824/25 Montgomery Co., VA m. Abt 1777 Elizabeth 8. Elizabeth Boone #789 b. abt 1755 MD d. bef 1825 m. abt 1776 Peter (Miller) Mueller 9. Adam Boone #790 b. abt 1755 MD
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Notes for Johann Diel Bohne
FOREWORD This brief account of the first generations of Bohne (called Boon) family in America is presented with the hope that it may clear up some existing uncertainties, and aid others in future research. While every effort has been made to secure accuracy, your indulgence is asked for any possible errors. Following many years of research and investigation, this compiler has attempted to correct, in the following pages, some of the fallacies that have surrounded Johann Diel Bohne and his family, some of which were: 1. That we are related to Captain Daniel Boone of Kentucky fame, who belonged to the English Boone family, which is an error. 2. That the father of Johann's children was one Michael Boone of the English family, who in reality was a grandson of Johann's. 3. That Johann's daughter Margaret had only one husband, Leonard Pouder, whereas she married a second time to John Everly. This erroneous conclusion probably was reached because Leonard Pouder died in 1776 and his will was not filed until 1797. A professional genealogist, with years of experience in Los Angeles, said that nearly always a delayed filing of a will was to allow the youngest child to become of legal age before it was done. 4. That Johann's daughter Catherine was married to John Sullivan, whereas her husband was Cornelius Sullivan and John was their eldest son. Dr. John Calvin Wright, now Assistant U.S. Commissioner for Vocational Education, Washington, D.C. (a descendant of the son John) has done more than anyone else to get early data regarding Johann, and especially to establish the connection between the Boons of Frederick Co, Maryland, and the Boons of Franklin and Montgomery Cos, Virginia. Sincere thanks are offered to Dr. Wright who has graciously permitted the use of any of his findings. This compiler has concentrated more on the son Nicholas (her direct ancestor), the Pouder-Everly, Sullivan, and Miller branches. The Hoss family has a professional genealogist in its connection who confirms Johann Diel Bohne as their ancestor. The family of Jacob has been printed in the Boone Family Bulletin. A personal search of court house records - marriage licenses, administration accounts, wills and deeds in Frederick, Westminister, and Haggerstown, Maryland; early church records in the Maryland Historical Society in Baltimore; U.S. Census records in Washington D.C.; and pension records, have yielded many proofs. Correspondence with many descendants have also added much. Some facts will always remain in oblivion. Thanks are given to everyone for help and patience in replying to queries. We can well feel proud of our sturdy German ancestors--industrious, thrifty, reliable, honest, religious people--and be grateful to them for the energy and enterprise that brought them to our America. The Germans of 200 years ago were very different from the Germans in the old country today. Mrs. Nellie(Woods) Whedon 835 So. Lorraine Blvd. Los Angeles (5), Calif., and 402 So. G. St., Wellington, Kansas NOTE: WHEN THIS WAS WRITTEN IN 1945, THE U.S. AND GERMANY WERE AT WAR!
THE GERMAN BOHNE-BOHN-BOON-BOONE FAMILY JOHANN DIEL BOONE
THE BOONE FAMILYThe following is from "Our Ancestors, a record of these families Eiler (Iler), Boon, Anderson, Scothorn" by Homer Eiler. There are many ways of spelling the name, such as starting several centuries ago with BOHUNE, then BOHN, BOWN, BOON, BOONE etc. The English line achieved prominence in England in espousing the cause of Cromwell. They became a powerful family in political and military affairs, to the extent, that they boasted of their "Coat of Arms with its Royal Crest". First, in the original German language, the name of this, our ancestor, is JOHAN DIEHL BOON (304), but this ancestor, himself in his will made in 1761, wrote his name according to English pronunciation as HAN DEAL BONE. We have several original documents, in his own hand writing, in the German language as JOHAN DIEHL BOHUN also. It appears that he was born in Germany in 1711, and came to America in 1741, in the vessel 'Marlborough' with a captain named Thomas Bell, landing at Philadelphia. This is on record in Harrisburg, PA. (The following came from "The Akers Family of Franklin County, Virginia" by Alonzo Edwin Akers.) The name BOHNS, BOHN, BOHUN, BOWN, BOON and BOONE is said by some to be derived from the Norman "de Bohun" while others claim it was first used as a nickname taken from "le bon" meaning "the good". Henry Barber in his "British Family Names, Their Origin and Meaning" says that the name "Boone is from Dutch Boon; or German Bohn or Danish or Flemish Bon; a personal name." The name in the various spellings above has become more generally used in America as BOONE. It is possible that the name JOHANN DIEL BOHNE may have originated in the Norman by way of Germany, but it is more probable that it is an entirely separate group from the English line. Mrs. Nellie Whedon in her "The German Bohne-Bohn-Boon-Boone Family" book says that, "The seat of the German Boone Family is said to have been in the Palatinate, Province of Pfalz (Old German Empire) near the village of Obermoschel, 20 or 25 miles southwest of the town Mainz, and on the banks of a small stream which empties into the Rhine due North." She has proven conclusively, I think, by photostatic copy of the ships passengers: by a photostatic copy of the oath of allegiance of the "Marlborough's" Passengers, 1741-9-23. The original document is found on file with the Pennsylvania Historical Society at Harrisburg. In the year 1741 a German immigrant by the name of Johann Diel Bohne landed in Philadelphia (His name was pronounced Boon). Doubtless his wife and three or four sons were with him. The passenger list of the boat--the Marlborough--did not show the names of the women and children. Only males of sixteen or over were required to take the Oath of Allegiance to the Government. Johann gave his age as 30 years. Dr. John Calvin Wright, Director of the Federal Bureau of Vocational Education, Washington, D.C. (a descendant of son John) discovered these facts--the name of Johann on the passenger list of the "Marlborough"; his will on file in Frederick, Maryland; the seat of the Bohne family in Germany; and in 1937 the exact location of his land in Frederick (now Carroll) County, Maryland. There appears to have been two distinct lines of the Boone family in America--the British (English, Scotch and Scotch-Irish, to which Captain Daniel Boone belonged) and the German, that came by the way of Maryland. The seat of the German Boone family is said to have been in the Palatinate Province of Pfalz, near the village of Obermoschel, 20 or 25 miles southwest of the town of Mainz, and on the banks of a small stream which empties into the Rhine, due north. While the German name is spelled Bohne (Johann's signature to his oath of allegiance in 1741), the pronunciation is Boone, even to this day among his descendants now living in Maryland. A great many of his descendants have adopted the English spelling, Boone. In the same family some children spell it Bohn and some Boone. In early deeds, Johann's sons used both Bohn and Boon. On the Baptismal Certificate of one of the children of his daughter Margaret, Margaret is mentioned as "one born Bohne." It is not known where Johann and family spent the first few years after their arrival in America. On April 10, 1750, 50 acres located near Frizellburg, now Carroll County, Maryland, called "Boon's Content" were patented to Theobald Boon (Land Warrant No. 587, Prince George County.) We know by his will that this was Johann Diel Bohn whose name was often misspelled by public officials. On March 28, 1752, at the request of Deal Boone, the following marks of his cattle and hogs were recorded to-wit: "The left ear cropt and a nick in the right ear" (Land Record B, folio 545, 1748-52, Frederick, Md.). On Sept. 16, 1752, he acquired 80 acres of the "Resurvey on Shear Spring" (Land Warrant No. 1970, Prince George County.) On Oct. 10, 1758, 40 acres of the tract "No Whiskey" (Land Warrant No. 2821.) At the time of his death in 1764, he owned these three tracts of land. 80 porches (1/2 acre) were set aside on the "Shear Spring" tract as a family burial ground. Practically all trace of this is gone at present. Those three tracts remained in the family until 1777, until the death of the widow, Mary, or until the youngest son, Adam, became of age, as provided by the will of Johann. One Sept. 18, 1777, Jacob Boon (son) and wife Catrin deeded all their interest in "Shear Spring" and "Boon's Content", together with a lot in Frizellburg, to Mary Triplett of Baltimore (Liber R.P., folio 230.) In 1782, Jacob and his younger brother, John, appeared in Bedford, now Franklin Co, VA, John going to Montgomery County in 1807 and living in the part that became Floyd County in 1831. On March 18, 1783, Nicholas Boon (son) sold the tract "No Whiskey", left to him by his father, to Michael Wagoner (liber W.R. #4, folio 283.) The Bohn-Boon land passed thru various hands until it was inherited by Mr. Edward Formwalt, who deeded it to his stepson, Mr. F.H. Haines, the present owner. Frederick County, Maryland, was formed in 1748 from a part of Prince George County, then in 1776 Washington and Montgomery Counties were taken from a part of Frederick County. In 1837, Carroll County was erected from a part of Frederick and part of Baltimore Counties. Frizellburg, Carroll County, near where the Bohn-Boon land was situated, is 4 miles northwest of Westminster and is a village of one or two hundred persons. Johann Diel Bohn made his will in 1761 just before departing on a voyage to Germany. He probably died early in 1764, as a notation on the back of his will states that it was "proved by P. Myers, and the other (witness) was dead 5th of April 1764." The witnesses were Michael and Peter Meyer or Myers. The will was filed April 13, 1764 (Liber A #1, folio 209) at Frederick and is also on file at Annapolis. For some reason the executers he named did not serve, and son Nicholas acted as administrator. Johann's signature to the original will is in German as Bohn, though his name to his Oath of Allegiance has a final "e" Bohne. The penmanship is identical. Unfortunately, whoever wrote his will for him, spelled his name "Bone," instead of Boon or Boone, and it is copied that way into the Will Book at Frederick. The omission of the one "o" caused confusion for years as to his identity. Johann gave his age upon arrival from Germany in 1741 as 30 years, and his will was filed in 1764, hence his dates would be 1711-1764, aged 53. A tradition has long existed among many descendants of Johann's children of relationship to Captain Daniel Boone of Kentucky, who was not German, but of English ancestry. It is almost impossible to correct this long standing error. The mistaken relationship of Captain Daniel Boone probably originated from a rumor that spread, source unknown and with no apparent proof, that a Michael Boone of the English family was the father of the children that Johann Diel Bohne named in his will. This was given some credence in Mrs. Hazel R. Spraker's book, "The Boone Family" under "Undetermined Connections" page 494, and which she now considers the most serious mistake in her book. It said that Michael Boone lived and died on his farm in Mt. Pleasant district of Frederick County, Maryland, where the old stone barn he built is still standing. His grave and that of his wife are nearby. Mrs. Spraker says there was no Michael Boone in the English family. A search of the court house records by this compiler in 1936, and also searches by others, show only one man by the name of Michael Boone. This Michael, son of Nicholas and grandson of Johann Diel Bohn, was born about 1773 (his wife born in 1776, 1850 U.S. Census) and died by July 26, 1832 (Adm. Acct. in his estate, Liber G.M.E. #3, folio 13), married October 14, 1804 Mary Magdalena Burrier, daughter of Philip and Barbara Burrier. Philip Burrier died in 1803 leaving 207 acres called "Hitchbaugh" in the Mt. Pleasant district, about midway between Mt. Pleasant and Liberty, the buildings some 200 yards from the main highway on the east side of the road. Deeds filed between 1806 and 1810 show that Michael Boone (named son-in-law and executer in Barbara Burrier's will, filed in 1822--Liber H.S. #3, folio 2) bought this land from the Burrier heirs. Michael's widow, Magdalena, her daughter Esther Nusbaum and husband Frederick Nusbaum, deeded a part of it to Frederick C. Keller in 1846 (Liber #3, folio 364). Paul Etzler of Frederick is the present owner (1945). He and his tenant both say no graves are there now. Mrs. Spraker endorses the above correction to the error in her book, "The Boone Family" page 494. She writes that "Michael Boone" tradition prevailed in at least three branches of the family (Miller, Hoss and Pouder) before 1923, and that the error no doubt originated and spread many years prior to that date. The fact that three branches of the family claimed a Michael Boone as the earliest known American ancestor made it seem most plausible. No doubt one branch accepted it from another several generations ago. "I am glad to know," Mrs. Spraker writes, "that your careful and analytical research has uncovered the truth and has put an end to the unfortunate perpetuation of this error." Johann Diel Bohne, 1711-1764, named his wife Mary, five sons and four daughters in his will. The birth years of only two of his children are known--dates from their tombstones in Kreider Cemetery, near Westminster, now Carroll Co, Maryland--Margaret Pouder-Everly in 1743, and Catherine Sullivan in 1753. Nicholas was the eldest, as Abraham called him "half-brother" in his will in 1825. Thus Johann had a wife that died in Germany, after which he married Mary and had eight children by her, the eldest ones born in Germany. It appears that Mary died about 1777. Nicholas was naturalized in 1765. Nicholas, Jacob and John were on the Committee of Observation in Frederick County during the Revolutionary War. Their names were on the list of "Associators" in the Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol 11, pg 164. Adam, son of Nicholas, was in active service. Some unpublished Revolutionary War records of Maryland state that "Abrum Boone" took an Oat of Fiedelity and Support to the Government, along with others, in Frederick County in Marcy 1778 (Nat'l Gen. Quar., Vol. 6, page 33). The ship's passenger list shows that Johann Diel Bohne arrived in Philadelphia on the boat "Marlborough" in 1741. On this list of 72 names, he is number 47. His name is written in English and spelled phonetically as "Dewaile Poon", age 30. His middle name was used and "B" is often mistaken for "P" when spoken by a German. The Oath of Allegiance of the "Marlborough's" passengers was made September 23, 1741, as shown by a photostat of the original document now on file with the Pennsylvania Historical Society at Harrisburg. Oath: At the Court House in Philadelphia, September 23, 1741. Present: The Honorable George Thomas, Esq., Lieutenant Governor, and Samuel Hassell, Esq. Mayor of Philadelphia. The Palatines whose names are underneath imported in the Ship Marlborough, Thomas Bell, Master, from Rotterdam, but las from Cowes, did this day take the oaths to the Government. (Johann Diel Bohne was number 44 on the list) WILL : Frederick, Maryland of : Liber A #1, folio 209 JOHANN DIEL BOHNE : Made--Nov. 1, 1761 Son Nicholas, Administrator : Filed--Apr 13,1764 In the Name of God Amen Whereas I, Han Deall Bone of Frederick County and Province of Maryland Farmer being in good health of Body and of sound mind and memory and being forthwith to depart on a voyage to Germany do make this my Last Will and Testament as follows: Imprimis first of all I give and bequeath to my well beloved Son Nicholas all that tract of land called No Whiskey lying in Frederick County in the Province of Maryland containing forty acres of land to him and his heirs forever, he the said Nicholas paying unto my two sons John and Adam when they come of age five pounds Current Money each. Imprimis I also give and bequeath to my said Son Nicholas ten acres of land part of a Tract of Land called Shear Spring adjoining to the aforesaid Tract of Land called No Whiskey to him and his heirs forever and no more of my Estate. I also give and bequeath to my Son Jacob my Dwelling Plantation with one hundred and twenty-five acres of land he paying to my Son Abraham fifty pounds Current Money at the end of two years after he enters on said land to him and his Heirs forever. Imprimis I also order that my personal Estate shall be equally divided between my two Sons viz John and Adam and my four Daughters viz Margaret, Mary, Kathrine and Elizabeth. Imprimis I also order and Will that my well beloved Wife Mary shall keep entire possession of Dwelling Plantation, until my youngest Son is of Age. Imprimis I do also nominate and appoint Joest Runkle and Daniel Zacharias Executers of this Will and Testament hereby revoking all former Will or Wills by me heretofore made. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this first Day of November seventeen hundred and sixty-one. (Original signed in German) Han Deall Bone (SEAL) Witnesses: Michael Moyer Peter Moyer. 1. Margaret Boone #785 b. 1743 MD, d. 3 Mar 1814 Westminster, MD, m. 1760 Leonard Powder b. 1730, d. 1776 m. John Everly d. 1802 From list of heirs of Abraham Bohn in the distribution of his estate: To children of Margaret (Bohn) Everly, dec'd. (d.1814 in Frederick Co, MD; had m. Leonard Pouder & John Everly) 1. John Sander (Pouder).......................................11.05 2. Jacob "........................................ " 3. Leonard ".............................................. " 4. Andrew "........................................ " 5. Mary " had m. (John) Schaeffer............ " 6. Catherine " had m. John Dullerson (Dutterer) " 7. Rachel " had m. Samuel Hooker (m.1st John Diehl-Deal) " 8. David Everly.............................................. " 9. Margaret " had m. Wolerick (Ullerick) Z. Bucknell (Buchen, origniall Zurbuchen) " WORDS IN PARENTHESIS INSERTED BY NELLIE WHEDEN Margaret Boon, daughter of Johann Diel and Mary Bohn, was the first named daughter in her father's will. She married Leonard Powder/Pouder, 1730-76, about 1760, and John Everly, who died in 1802, about 1780. A picture of her tombstone in Kreider Cementer, Westminister, Maryland, shows the inscription to be "In Memory of Margaret Everly who was born in the year 1743 and departed this life the third day of March 1814, aged 71 years." She lies with her Everly grandchildren, and David Everly, her son, is in another row. The grave of John Everly cannot now be identified. Leonard Powder, one of the organizers of Kreider's union Lutheran and German Reformed Churches in 1763, did not get to be buried in the cemetery in connection. His lone grave is on their home place, the "Spinning Wheel" farm, about 2 miles from Westminister on the state road toward Union Bridge, now owned by William H. Robertson. He died in December and the story is that a very severe snow storm and bad roads made it impossible to get to the cemetery. Descriptions by descendants and a picture of his limestone marker, show it to be about 1 ½ feet high, 1 foot wide, with just the date "1776" carved on it, the sevens made backwards. The old Kreider Church Records, which Mr. Zahn translated from the German, are at the Maryland Historical Society in Baltimore. On page 26 they state that Leonard Puter was one of 34 men to bind themselves to pay (each) 100 pounds lawful money if, for any reason, they break the agreement after Dedication of the Church, April 4, 1763. The two congregations--Lutheran and German Reformed --worshiped alternately in the same building in an early day. Many of the descendants cal Leonard Powder by the name of Jacob Leonard Powder, but his name in all church and court house records and his own signature to his will is simply "Leonard Powder" so this compiler uses that name. While most of the family now spell it Pouder (pronounced Pooder), the early ones spelled in Powder and those in Carroll County Maryland, still do. Other ways found in Maryland records by this compiler are--Puder, Puter, Pewder, Peuder, Poeter and Peeder. The story in the family is that his parents, Jacob and Mary (Leonard) Powder, embarked for America in 1730, the wife giving birth to a son on the voyage, succumbed, and was buried at sea, the son being Leonard or Jacob Leonard Powder. All efforts to learn the name of the boat, etc. have failed. The Debt Books for Frederick County, which are in Annapolis, show this entry in 1768--Leonard Powder to Michael Wells for part of the "Resurvey on Good Fellowship" (150 acres), also "Now Unwilling" and "Spinning Wheel." A deed is on file at Frederick for "Spinning Whell" purchased by Leonard Powder from Michael Wells in 1767--150 acres. The will of Leonard Powder, which he signed in German on Dec. 3, 1776, was filed at Frederick, Sep 11, 1797 (Liber G.M. #3, folio 186), over 20 years after his death and about the time his youngest child, Abraham, became of age. ............. Margaret (Boon) Powder was left with a family of eight young children ranging from fifteen years down to very small ones. About 1780 she married second, John Everly (one of the witnesses to Leonard Powder's will), by whom she had two more children--David and Margaret Everly. Both are named in the list of heirs in the estate of her brother, Abraham Bohn-Boon. in Virginia. In 1775 John Everly patented 92 acres of a tract called "The Bad Wife." In 1798 and later he bought the interests of the Powder heirs in the land left to them by their father. On October 3, 1798 John Powder, joiner, of Frederick County, and Leonard Powder and wife Elizabeth of Baltimore County, deeded o him their 2/8 interest in tracts "Good Fellowship" and "Spinning Wheel" for 206 pounds current money (Liber W.R. #17, folio 334). Jacob and Andrew Powder deeded their 2/8 interest to him in 1802, etc. John Everly was on the Committee of Observation of Frederick County during the Revolutionary War (Md. Hist Mag. Vol. 11-1816) which entitles his descendants to membership in the S.A.R. and D.A.R. He died intestate in 1802 and Henry Peters was appointed administrator of his estate. his first account was dated Dec. 14, 1802 (Liber G.M. #2, folio 231) and his final account Dec. 11, 1804 (Liber G.M. #2, folio 389) at which time distribution of the personal estate was made--1/3 to the widow, and 1/3 to each of his children, David and Margaret. When Michael Sullivan sent the list of heirs of Abraham Bohn-Boon living in Maryland, Abraham Pouder's name was not included. He probably did not enter into the suit, as he was yet in the state when distribution was made in 1834, his daughter Mary having died there in 1836. 3. Abraham Boone #784 b. abt 1742 MD d. 1826/27 Rockingham Co., VA m. abt 1770 Ann Mary Saylor Abraham Boon, Sr., son of Johann Diel and Mary Bohn dates of birth unknown, died between Aug 1826 and February 1827 in Rockingham Co, Virginia. He was living in August 1826 as there were charges in Feb 1827, but after his name written in parenthesis was "(exors to pay)." By the terms of his father's will, Abraham was to be paid 50 pounds current money by his brother Jacob at the end of two years after Jacob entered upon the land bequeathed to him. The 1790 U.S. Census of Frederick Co, Md. lists him as Moraham Boon (1-2-1)--1 male over 16, 2 under 16 and 1 female--himself, wife, and probably two sons that died early. He had no children at death as his brothers and sisters children were his heirs. He was m.2d about 1822 in Virginia to Mary Saylor, as a marriage agreement between them appears in the records that year. Ann Mary Saylor was the widow of Ulrich Saylor who died intestate in 1816 leaving a widow and eight children. His daughter, Mary Saylor, married Abraham's nephew, Daniel Boon (son of Jacob Sr. and Catherine) on Feb. 27, 1820. Daniel Boon moved to Berrien Springs, Michigan, while others of the Ulrich Saylor family settled in Clark Co, Ohio, where Ann Mary Saylor-Boon died. Abraham moved to Virginia between 1790 and 1796, as he first appears on the deed records in Rockingham County in 1796 when he purchased land from Sarah Readamner. His will was dated March 7, 1825 and filed at the April term of court in 1827--executors Henry Lipe, Aaron Solomon and Jacob Boon, a nephew. Henry Lipe had died so the charges for recording the will were against Jacob Boon and Aaron Solomon, "exors of Abraham Boon dec'd." (Both Bohn and Boon were used in the same document). The original will was wholly or partially destroyed by fire, but it is known that he left $100 to the children of his deceased sister, Catherine Sullivan, and one dollar to his "half brother Nicholas." One clause in Abraham's will was that his nephew, Abraham Bohn, living on a plantation in Augusta County that he had sold to him conditionally, was to pay $1451.40 in 3 years after his death to the children of his brothers, Jacob and John, to be equally divided amongst them, nephew Abraham to receive his share along with the others. In case nephew Abraham failed to pay the amount, the executors were to sell the land in any way they thought best. young Abraham declined to take it on the terms named and it was sold to the highest bidder--Jacob Boon executor. (Liber 60, folio 439, Augusta Co, Va. Deeds). Both Jacob Sr. and John Sr. had sons named Jacob and Abraham, but these two appear to have been the sons of Jacob Sr. and Catherine. An old letter written by Michael Sullivan Jan 16, 1830 from Frederick, Md. to his cousin, Henry Hoss in Greenville College, Tenn. shows there was dissension over the settlement of the estate. It seems that Jacob Bohn, executor, did not notify the Maryland relatives of the death of Abraham Sr., which they learned accidently many months later, and Michael reached Virginia just in time to see the farm sold to Jacob Bohn, executor. Because of this dissension, present generations have the names of Abraham's brothers and sisters along with most of their children from the court records at Staunton Va. (Chancery Order Book, 1--133, page 337, date 1834, Augusta Co, Va.). Jacob Bohn, surviving Executor ) Superior Court of Chancery, of Abraham Bohn, deceased, ) Staunton, Augusta Co, Va. vs ) Chancery order Book 1-133, page 337. The Representatives of the said ) November 21, 1834 Abraham Bohn, deceased. ) --------------------------- To the children of John Bohn, dec'd (d.1825 in Montgomery Co, Va.) LISTED UNDER JOHN BOHN To the children of Jacob Bohn, dec'd. (d.1814 in Franklin Co, Va.) LISTED UNDER JACOB BOHN To the children of Mary (Bohn) Hoss, dec'd. (d. Washington Co, Tenn.; had m. Jacob Hoss) LISTED UNDER MARY BOHN To the children of Elizabeth (Bohn) Miller, dec'd. (d. in Washington Co., Tenn.; had m. Peter Mueller-Miller) LISTED UNDER ELIZABETH BOHN To children of Margaret (Bohn) Everly, dec'd. (d.1814 in Frederick Co, MD; had m. Leonard Pouder & John Everly) LISTED UNDER MARGARET BOHN To children of Catherine (Bohn) Sullivan, dec'd. (d.1824 in Frederick Co, MD; had m. Cornelius Sullivan.) LISTED UNDER CATHERINE BOHN To Nicholas Bohn (half brother of Frederick Co, MD) 50.71 ------------------ It is evident that Adam Bohn, youngest son of Johann Diel Bohne, according to his will, was deceased or did not enter into the suit. ------------------- Questioned as to the name Pouder, Bessie Burnett of the Clerk's Office said the first letter could be S or L, but is very similar to P in other places in the script. The third letter could be u or n and could easily be mistaken by anyone not familiar with the penmanship of that day, in fact it is often guess work. -------------------
Words in parenthesis inserted by Nellie Whedon, a descendant of Nicholas. 1810 Rockingham Co, VA Abraham Boon Males: 1 45+ Females: 1 16-26, 1 45+ 1 Slave 1790 Frederick Co, Md. lists him as Moraham Boon (1-2-1)--1 male over 16, 2 under 16 and 1 female--himself, wife, and probably two sons that died early. List of heirs of Abraham Bohn (called Boon) in the distribution of his estate as compiled from the Court of Chancery record. Abraham devised in his will, made March 7, 1825 and filed at the April term of court in 1827, that the proceeds of his estate should go to the children of his two brothers, Jacob and John (D.B.60-439). As a result of action begun by Michael Sullivan, it was divided by the court in 1854 to include other nieces and nephews of Abraham. 4. Jacob Boone #121 b. 1740/49 Berks, PA?, MA?, Germany (See BoonePart2) 5. Mary Boone #786 b. bet 1743-53 MD d. bef 7 Mar 1825? Washington Co., TN m. Jacob Hoss From list of heirs of Abraham Bohn in distribution of his estate: "To children of Mary (Bohn) Hoss, dec'd. (d. in Washington Co, TN; had m. Jacob Hoss) 1. John Hoss......................................$11.04 2. Abraham "...................................... " 3. George " ...................................... " 4. Isaac "......................................... " 5. Henry " ...................................... " 6. Catherine Hoss dec'd, had m. (Jonathan) Nave LISTED UNDER CATHERINE HOSS 7. Peter Hoss, dec'd LISTED UNDER PETER HOSS 8. Elizabeth Hoss, dec'd, had m. (James) Nelson LISTED UNDER ELIZABETH HOSS 9. Mary Hoss dec'd had m. Joseph Bowman.. 11.04 WORDS IN PARENTHESIS INSERTED BY NELLIE WHEDEN Mary Boon, daughter of Johann Diel and Mary Bohn, was the second daughter mentioned in her father's will, by which she was to receive a share of his personal property. If he named his daughters in the order of their birth, then Mary was born between 1743 and 1753 (the years her sisters Margaret and Catherine were born) and died in Washington County, Tennessee, before March 7, 1825, the date her brother, Abraham Boon, made his will in Rockingham Co, Virginia. Mary was married in Maryland to Jacoby Hoss, who died in 1816 or 1817, his will being made in 1816 and filed at Jonesboro, Tennessee, at the April term of court in 1817. In it he called his wife "Marget" so it appears that he either had a second wife, or else a special name of his own for Mary, as there is no doubt that her sister Margaret married Leonard Pouder and John Everly. Jacob and Mary Hoss moved to Tennessee about 1780 and settled near Johnson City where he became a large land and slave owner. Washington County is in the eastern part of the state. 6. Catherine Boone #788 b. 1753 MD d. 824 Westminster, MD m. Cornelius Sullivan b. 1749 d. 1816 BIRTH: (1810 census); b. bef 1765 (1820 census) b. bef 1775 Will filed 7 Apr 1828 1810 Franklin Co, VA in HH of Jacob Boon (female 45+) 1820 Franklin Co, VA in HH of John Boon (female 45+) Franklin Co, VA, Will Bk 3, pp 229 & 230, Filed on 7 Apr 1828. This is the will of me Catharine Boon of Franklin County and State of Virginia. First I desire that all my just debts be paid 2nd I desire unt my sons Jacob Boon, Abraham Boon, John Boon, Isaac Boon, and Daniel Boon, and daughters Mary Kesler, Elizabeth Boon, Catharine Pinnoy, Susannah Abshear, Nancy Fisher, all the money that I may have on hand at my death to be equally divided between them and their legal representatives.....I give to my grandson Thos Boon my five dogs.... one large pot and pot rack to my son Peter... to my grand daughter Elizabeth Noftsinger my chest, and to my granddaughter Elizabeth Boon all my earthen ware,, and I should leave any lineage my son Peter is to have a .....I desire that Joseph Flora and Mofes Greer dived my property between my children agreeable to ...... 26 Aug 1822 Catharine Boon (her mark) Notes of Catherine Boon #788 List of heirs of Abraham Bohn in distribution of his estate. To children of Catherine (Bohn) Sullivan, dec'd. (d.1824 in Frederick Co, MD; had m. Cornelius Sullivan). 1. John Sullivan ................................... 12.42 2. Jacob " ................................... " 3. Daniel " ................................... " 4. Abraham " ................................... " 5. William " ................................... " 6. Michael " ................................... " 7. Mary " ................................... " 8. Margaret " had m. Jacob Bear (Bair).. " WORDS IN PARENTHESIS INSERTED BY NELLIE WHEDEN Was the third daughter named in her father's will by which she was to receive a share of his personal estate. Catherine, 1753-1824, aged 71, was aired about 1775 to Cornelius Sullivan, 1749-1816, aged 67, both buried in Kreider Cemetery near Westminister, Maryland (Scharf's "Hist. of Western Md." p.924). Their graves and the grave of their son David cannot now be located. Their Wills, given herewith, are on file at Frederick. Cornelius Sullivan is said to have descended from Sir Philip O'Sullivan of County Cork, Ireland. It is not known when his family first migrated to America. He settled not far from Westminister, Maryland, but no original patents were granted to him so his land was acquired by purchase. Cornelius enlisted in the Revolutionary War Dec. 25, 1776 and served in Capt. Frederick Deam's Company, 7th Regiment (Archives of Md., Vol 18, page 305). Some of his descendants belong to the S.A.R. or D.A.R. One belongs to the Daughters of American Colonists. All of his sons except John and Michael served in the War of 1812 in Capt. William Durbins Jr.'s Company, Randall's Battalion of Riflemen, Maryland Militia. Jacob and Abraham were privates, David and William sergeants, and Daniel a lieutenant. His son-in-law, Jacob Bair, is said to have served in the war of 1812, also. Michael was a member of the first grand jury of Carroll County in 1837 and a Judge of the Orphans Court, 1839 to 1845, and 1851 to 1859. On January 16, 1830 he wrote to his cousin, Henry Hoss of Greenville College, Tenn. regarding the dissension over the estate of their uncle, Abraham Bohn, in Virginia. He stated that Pouders, Hosses and Millers were not mentioned in Abraham's will. Of his brothers and sisters, he said --William lives at the Mill where I formerly lived; Daniel lives in Uniontown about 7 miles from Westminster; Mary keeps house by herself near where my mother lived; my sister, Margaret Bear, lives near Hanover, Pa. Also--the Pouders are all well at present. Our cousin, George Pouder of Baltimore, and Jacob Pouder, Jr. of Westminster, were in favor of the re-election of John Q. Adams, as was also my brothers John, Abraham and William. Jacob, Daniel and myself were in favor of the present Chief Magistrate--meaning Andrew Jackson. George Pouder 1792-1830, was a 2d cousin, a son of William Leonard of Baltimore; so was also Jacob Pouder Jr., later Judge, 1794-1870, a son of Jacob Westminster. WILL : Frederick, Maryland of : Liber H.S. #3, folio 276 CATHERINE SULLIVAN : Made--March 25, 1824 William Sullivan, Executor. : Filed-May 17, 1824 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- In the name of God Amen, I Catherine Sullivan of Frederick county in the state of Maryland being weak in body but of sound and disposing mind and memory and understanding calling to mind the certainty of death and the uncertainty of the time thereof and being desirous to settle my worldly affairs before it shall please God to call me hence, I do therefore Make and publish this my last will and Testament in the manner and form following. First and principally, I commit my soul into the Hand of Almighty God and my body to the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my executor hereinafter named and after my debts and funeral charges are paid, I devise and bequeath as follows: I give and bequeath unto my son Daniel Sullivan the debt due to me from the Estate of my son David Sullivan. I give and bequeath unto my son William Sullivan one feather bed and bedstead with all the bedclothes hereunto belonging also three bed quilts, one cow and one table to the said William Sullivan his heirs and assigns. I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Sullivan one feather bed, bedstead and all the bed clothes and furniture hereunto belonging, one cow (her choice of my stock) Tenplate stove and pipe, my large iron pot, frying pan, two pewter dishes and five pewter plates, cotton wheel and cards and all my crockery and tin ware, Half a dozen tea spoons (Silver) to her my daughter Mary her heirs and assigns. I give and bequeath unto my daughter Margaret Bear my Spinning Wheel and large chest. I give unto my son Michael Sullivan, one bed quilt. I give and bequeath unto my daughters Margaret Bear and Mary Sullivan all my wearing apparel to be equally divided between them; all the remaining part of my estate not herein before devised I give and bequeath unto my son William Sullivan and daughter Mary Sullivan to be equally divided between them share and share alike. And lastly I hereby nominate constitute and appoint my son William Sullivan, executor of this my last will and testament Revoking and annulling all former wills by me heretofore made ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my last will and testament. In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name and affixed my seal this 25 day of March 1824. CATHERINE SULLIVAN (SEAL) Witnesses--William Durbin Nicholas Durbin 7. John Boone #787 b. 1745/56 MD d. 1824/25 Montgomery Co., VA m. Abt 1777 Elizabeth From distribution of heirs of Abraham Bohn "To children of John Bohn, dec'd. (d.1825 in Montgomery Co, VA) 1. Abraham Bohn............................................$ 5.13 2. Jacob " ............................................ 222.21 3. Mary " ........................................... " 4. Elizabeth " had m. Andrew Widle (Weddle).... " 5. Nancy " had m. John Fleger (Phelgar)....... " 6. Catherine " had m. John Jamieson (Jamison).. 164.71 7. Sarah " had m. David Harper (Harter)........ 234.92 WORDS IN PARENTHESIS INSERTED BY NELLIE WHEDEN JOHN BOON SR., son of Johann Diel and Mary Bohn, was not of age when his father's will was probated in 1764, died November 1825 in Montgomery (now Floyd) Co, Virginia. By the terms of his father's will John and his brother Adam were to be paid "five pounds Current Money each" by Nicholas boon, administrator, when they reached the age of twenty-one; also they were to share equally with their four sisters in the personal estate. John Sr. Married about 1777 in Frederick (now Carroll) Co., Maryland to Elizabeth _____ who survived him. They were the ancestors of Dr. John Calvin Wright, mentioned before. John Sr.'s oldest son, Jacob, gave his age to the U.S. Census in 1850 as 71 and stated that he was born in Maryland. His wife, Barbara, gave her age as 63. It was this record that first pointed Dr. Wright's way to the Frederick County, Maryland Boones as the ancestors of the Franklin County, Virginia Boones. Other records have proved it. John Sr. probably left Maryland between 1779 (birth of his son Jacob) and 1784 when he began paying taxes in Bedford Co, Virginia on 200 acres located on "Little Creek," in the part that became Franklin County in 1786. It was 4 or 5 miles southwest of Boone Mill where his brother Jacob settled and began paying taxes in 1782. The brothers may have left Maryland together, or John may have followed a little later. Their brother Abraham was listed in the 1790 U.S. Census in Frederick Co, MD, paid personal taxis in Rockingham Co, VA in 1791 and land taxes in 1796. In 1801 John Sr. paid taxes on 610 acres in Franklin Co, VA, and in 1807 moved to the adjoining Montgomery County, settling in the part that became Floyd County in 1831. His land, 290 acres, was four miles west of Floyd, now the county seat, and about 25 miles from his first home on "Little Creek." In 1925 Dr. Wright visited the first home and found that it was owned by John's great grandson, Lewis F. Jamison (John's sons, Jacob and Abraham, and daughter, Catherine Jamison--Dr. Wright's ancestress--had remained in Franklin County). In 1827 John's son-in-law, Joseph Fleger, purchased his home place from the executors of his estate.
The will of John Boon Sr. was made Feb. 24, 1824 and filed at Christiansburg, Va. at the March term of court in 1825--son Jacob and son-in-law, Andrew Weddle, named as executors. He devised to his wife Elizabeth, and children--Mary Boon, Elizabeth Weddle, Catherine Jamison, Abraham Boon, Sarah Marter (or Harper) and Nancy Fleger--son Jacob have already received his part. John and Elizabeth boon had 7 children, order of birth as nearly as can be determined-- I. Jacob b.1779 in Maryland died 1853 in Virginia II. Mary b. abt 1780 in Maryland died after 1834 in Virginia, unmar. III. Elizabeth b. abt 1782 in Md. m. to Andrew Weddle IV. Catherine b. Dec 3, 1785 in Va., m. to John Jamison. V. Abraham b. abt 1787 in Va. d. 1834/5 VI. Sarah b. abt 1789 in Va. m. to David Harter or Harper VII. Nany b. abt 1791 in Va. m. to Joseph Fleger or Palegar Nellie Whedon gives date as Nov 1825, but evidently she meant Nov 1824. Will was signed 24 Feb 1824 and probate was made Mar 1825. At Montgomery March court 1825. This last will and testament of John Boon deceased was proven in court by the oaths of Moses Green Jun and Isaac Nafe the witnesses thereto, and ordered to be recorded; and on the motion of Andrew Weddle one of the executors therein named who made oath thereto, and together with Thomas Goodson and Jonas Weddle his securities entered into and acknowledged their bond in the penalty of Four thousand dollars conditioned as the law directs certificate is granted him for obtaining a probate of the said will in due form, liberty being reserved to the other executer therein named to join in the probate at a future time. Teste CHARLES TAYLOR C. A. Copy, Teste: (SGD) A.B. Corrin Clerk WILL : Christiansburg, Virginia of : Made--February 24, 1824 JOHN BOON : Filed--March 1825 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- In the name of God amen I John Boon of Montgomery county & state of Virginia being weak in body but of disposing mind & memory and being desirous to dispose of such worldly estate as it hat pleased God to bless me with, FIRST: I desire that all my just debts be paid; SECONDLY, I desire that all my estate beath real and personal be sold by executors, and the money arising from such sale to be equally divided between my wife Elizabeth Boon, Mary Boon, Elizabeth Wodel, Catharine Jemmerson, Abraham Boon, Sariah Harter, Nancy Fleger, Jacob Boon, my son having received his part in advance, therefore he is to have none of the rest of my estate, also my wife is to have her choice of my feather beds together with the furniture belong to it, extronary. LASTLY, I appoint my son Jacob Boon and my son-in-law Andrew Weddle executors to this my last will and testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 24th day of February 1824. JOHN BOON (SEAL) Signed and sealed in the presence of us Moses Green, Jr. Isaac Nafe 8. Elizabeth Boone #789 b. abt 1755 MD d. bef 1825 m. abt 1776 Peter (Miller) Mueller From list of heirs of Abraham Bohn in the distribution of his estate. To children of Elizabeth (Bohn) Miller, dec'd. (d. in Washington Co, TN; had m. Peter Mueller-Miller) 1. Jacob Miller....................................................... 19.88 2. John "......................................................... " 3. Peter ".......................................................... " 4. Abraham "......................................................... " 5. Mary " dec'd, had m. Edward Reaves (Reeves)... " Probably born about 1755 (as her sister Catherine was born in 1753) and died before 1825--the date of her brother Abraham's will. She was the last named daughter in her father's will and was about nine years of age at the time of his death in 1764. She was to receive a portion of his personal estate along with her sisters Margaret, Mary and Catherine and brothers John and Adam who were not yet of age. About 1776 Elizabeth was married to Peter Muller, Mueller, later Miller, probably at her home not far from the village of Frizellburg, Frederick (now Carroll) County, Maryland. Peter Miller was of German descent and it is thought a native of Germany. It has been definitely learned by some of his descendants that he was not one of the Peter Millers in the Revolutionary War. In an old letter written by Jacob Clearwaters, dated Jan. 12, 1888 at Lichfield, Montgomery Co, IL, he claimed that his mother, Jane, was a daughter of Peter and Elizabeth (Boone) Miller; that she was born in 1781, married his father, Reuben Clearwaters, in 1802, and that they settled in Highland Co, Ohio. He said that the Miller family moved to the south branch of the Potomac River, near Harper's Ferry, in 1783, and on to Washington Co, Tennessee in 1797. Some years ago Colonel LeRoy Reeves (now retired) of Washington, DC, a descendant, visited the home place in Tennessee and stated that Peter Miller settled on what later became the James P. McNeil farm between Johnson City and Jonesboro, where he lived a thrifty farmer until death. He was buried in a small graveyard on the farm but it was so overgrown with trees that his grave could not be identified. His wife and daughter, Mary (Miller) Reeves, were buried in the old cemetery at Jonesboro and their graves are also lost. The Millers were devoted members of the Methodist Church South. Their old German Bible was lost about 1920 and if it contained a family record, the loss is irreparable, as it would establish the names and number of the Miller children, which are in doubt. Unfortunately for researchers, another Peter Miller, a German Baptist or Dunkard, lived in Washington County, in the Knob Hill section, and the descendants of the two have been confused. This Peter's will, made in 1801 and filed in 1809 (Will Book #1, page 164), names his wife Mary, and children--Jacob, Mary Painter, Elizabeth Skyles, Barbara and Margaret Miller. Executor, Mikel Broyles. In the before mentioned letter of Michael Sullivan, written from Maryland in 1830, to his cousin, Henry Hoss in Tennessee, he said that the Pouders, Hosses, and Millers were not mentioned in the will of their uncle, Abraham Boon, so they could not look for anything. However, as the result of an action brought by Michael Sullivan, they did share in the distribution. Four children of Peter and Elizabeth and the husband of their deceased daughter Mary, were living in Tennessee at the time of the distribution--Jacob, John, Peter, Abraham and Edward Reeves. The Miller descendants know there was a James, and the Clearwaters descendants claim there was a Jane. 9. Adam Boone #790 b. abt 1755 MD He and his brother John were each bequeathed 5 pounds Current Money by their father, to be paid to them by their brother Nicholas when they became of age; also an equal share of his personal property along with their sisters--Margaret, Mary, Catherine and Elizabeth. Adam may have become of age in 1777 as the Bohn land was sold that year, and the mother, Mary, was to keep entire possession of the home place until Adam became of age. All trace of Adam has been lost and it is not known whether he died early or removed from Maryland. His half brother, Nicholas Sr., gave his first son, who was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, the name of Adam. As far as is known, these two are the only ones who bore the name as it has not been carried down in the Boon family. There is a possibility that the following records may refer to Adam Sr., as Adam, son of Nicholas Sr., went to Montgomery Co, Maryland, after the war and died there. August 13, 1816 a deed was filed at Frederick, Maryland from Thomas Redford to Adam Bohn of Franklin Co, Pennsylvania, for Lot #8 in Shields Addition to Emmitsburg, Maryland, with all buildings and improvements for $350. (Liber J.S. #3, folio 344) June 16, 1818 a deed was filed from Adam Bohn to David Kephard (Kephart) for this same property for $450. (Liber J.S. #6, folio 587) He signed his name--Adam Bone. There are many Bones and Bohns in the court house records at Chambersburg, Franklin Co, Pennsylvania, among them some named Adam. There may be no connection between them and the Maryland family, though it is possible that Adam may have gone there and established a family. This compiler has not had the time to go into this matter.Part 2
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